Saturday, May 23, 2020

Socrates The Suicide Of Socrates - 1405 Words

Socrates was born in 470 BCE in Athens, Greece. His father was Sophroniscus, a sculptor and stone mason from Athens and his mother was a midwife by the name of Phaenarete (30 Interesting Socrates Facts 2014). Socrates original profession was masonry and sculpting, before becoming a philosopher. On a day in 399 BC, Socrates ( roughly 71 years at the time) went to trial.Now why would anyone want to send an old man to court? Three answer is that Socrates was accused of refusing to recognize the gods recognized by the state and of corrupting the youth. Also if Socrates was convicted, he would be sentenced the death penalty(The Suicide of Socrates, 399 BC). The trial took place in the heart of the city, with a jury of 500 that sat on†¦show more content†¦According to Plato’s records, Socrates served in an armored infantry known as the hoplite . He served in three military campaigns, Delium, Amphipolis, and Potidaea during the Peloponnesian War, where he saved the life of Alcibiades, a popular Athenian general. Socrates’ first engagement was at Potidaea in 432 BC – a city-state threatening to break away from Athens. The campaign kept him away for nearly three years and on him his way back is when he started disguising himself from others. The Athenia n army was ambushed near Spartolos and they suffered serious losses. But Socrates saved the life and armour of Alcibiades, a man who went on to become one of Athens’ leading strategists and politicians (THINKERS AT WAR – Socrates 2014). During the war, Socrates was known for his courage and fearlessness, which is a trait that stuck with him for the rest of his life. Socrates saw Athens as a classroom and around asking elite and common men, looking for political and ethical truths. Also he never bragged about what he knew. Socrates actually acted ignorant so people wouldn’t know how wise he really was. As he was asking Athenians questions, he was asking in the dialectic method (also known as the Socratic method). The Socratic method was also referred to as the method of â€Å"elenchus†. The principle underlying the Socratic method is that students learn through the use of critical thinking, reasoning, and logic. To solve a problem, it would be broken down intoShow MoreRelatedEssay about Dont Be Afraid to Die in Socrates Phaedo741 Words   |  3 PagesThroughout the course of the Phaedo, Socrates argues that the soul is immortal. Because he believes that his soul will live on forever, Socrates claims that he is not afraid to die. Socrates was sentenced to death and due to the fact that he took the poison earlier than when was nec essary, many believe that he committed suicide. Contrary to what may be presumed about Socrates’ death, I will argue that he is a martyr and did not commit suicide. Suicide is defined as taking one’s life for the sakeRead MoreThe Death Of William Shakespeare s Romeo And Juliet1660 Words   |  7 Pagesthe only artist to be fascinated and inspired by historic suicides. Suicide is not an uncommon subject of paintings, or any of the arts for that matter. On the contrary, suicide can be glorified to a certain extent, in the way that a novel or film can romanticize the act without the brutality or consequences being addressed. Suicide can appear heroic in the face of a evil. It can appear to be a triumphant escape from a cruel world. Suicide can even look romantic when portrayed as the conclusion toRead More Never Give Up, Never Surrender Essay1510 Words   |  7 Pagesfigure to come out of the fire tempered to a stronger man. Socrates Fortlow is such a man, tempered by guilt, jail and a hard life to become a better human being. Always Outnumbered, Always Outgunned by Walter Mosley shows some of the grit of humanity but some of the finest as well. The rooster, Billy, starts the novel and shows Socrates a last gasp can be your most important. As the book progresses, a job becomes a courtroom where Socrates fights for his right to work. Later when he must stop a pyromaniacRead MorePlato And Aristotles Philosophy Opinions On Piety And Religion1472 Words   |  6 PagesGreek philosophers we have to mention: Socrates, Plato and Aristotle, who they create the earliest western philosophy, their philosophic ideas influence our modern society and culture in many aspects. As we read The Trial and Death of Socrates: Four Dialogues, we can get close to the thinking of these two philosophic giants at the same time: the author Plato, and the main characters Socrates, who was Plato’s teacher. The book includes four dialogues between Socrates and his friends or disciples: EuthyphroRead MoreThe Death of Socrates785 Words   |  4 PagesThe Death of Socrates â€Å"The Death of Socrates† was painted by a French painter . His name was Jacques Louis David. The painting represents the scene of the death of Greek philosopher Socrates. He was condemned to die by drinking hemlock for the expression of his ideas against those of Athens and corrupting the minds of the youth. The painting also depicts both Plato and Crito, with the former sitting at the edge of the bed and the latter clutching the knee of Socrates. Socrates had the choiceRead MoreWhat did it mean for a man in Ancient Greece to lead a good life, according to Platos’s four dialogs in the Trial and Death of Socrates?1010 Words   |  5 PagesTrial and Death of Socrates? In Ancient Greece, leading a good life is rather more complex than it is in today’s society. It is evidenced in Plato’s four dialogs in The Trial and Death of Socrates. Through the dialogues of Socrates we can learn that in Ancient Greece education, religion, society in general, law and values played a major role on a person’s way of living a good life. In the dialogues of The Trial and Death of Socrates, society condemned those such as Socrates for changing or questioningRead MoreFate Or Free Will?882 Words   |  4 Pagesfate. Socrates was one of the most distinguished philosophers to demonstrate free will. He would demonstrate this by choosing in which manner he would perish, and when the phenomenon would transpire. His apprentice Plato would write with reference to this in Crito. On the other hand, Niccolo Machiavelli from the Renaissance epoch, writes references to the fate of one in The Prince. He would acknowledge the virtues that under any circums tances could dictate and control one’s fate. Socrates andRead MorePlato and Socrates Anthology Essay1008 Words   |  5 PagesSocrates Anthology and Plato Plato: I: Apology 1. What are the charges brought against Socrates by his Athenian accusers and what is his reply concerning the sort of wisdom he in fact possesses? The charges that were brought against Socrates were corrupting the young and Impiety. Socrates says â€Å"If you ask me what kind of wisdom, I reply, wisdom such as may perhaps be attained by man, for to that extent I am inclined to believe that I am wise; Whereas the persons of whom I was speaking have aRead More Socrates versus Nelson Mandela Essay1723 Words   |  7 Pages As an Athenian philosopher, Socrates spent his life in constant pursuit of insight. He loved engaging in conversations that helped him derive philosophical views on a number of different issues. The birth of ideas through critical reasoning can be credited back to his method of teaching, which is now known as the Socratic Method. Although widely respected today, many of his teachings were found controversial in Athenian times. Socrates was placed on trial and put to death soon after becauseRead MoreEssay on Socrates1116 Words   |  5 PagesPlato recounts the last days of Socrates, immediately before his execution was to take place in Athens. In the dialogue, Socrates’ pupil, Crito, proposes that Socrates escape from prison. Socrates considers this proposal, trying to decide whether escaping would be â€Å"just† and â€Å"morally justified.† Eventually, Socrates concludes that the act is considered â€Å"unjust† and â€Å"morally unjustified.† Socrates then decides to accept his fate and proceeded with his execution. Socrates was a man who was in pursuit

Tuesday, May 12, 2020

Penny Press - One Cent Newspapers

The Penny Press was the term used to describe the revolutionary business tactic of producing newspapers which sold for one cent. The Penny Press is generally considered to have started in 1833, when Benjamin Day founded The Sun, a New York City newspaper. Day, who had been working in the printing business, started a newspaper as a way to salvage his business. He had nearly gone broke after losing much of his business during a  local financial panic caused by the cholera epidemic of 1832. His idea of selling a newspaper for a penny seemed radical at a time when most newspapers sold for six cents. And though Day merely saw it as a business strategy to salvage his business, his analysis touched upon a class divide in society. Newspapers that sold for six cents were simply beyond the reach of many readers. Day reasoned that many working class people were literate, but were not newspaper customers simply because no one had published a newspaper targeted to them. By launching The Sun, Day was taking a gamble. But it proved successful. Besides making the newspaper very affordable, Day instituted another innovation, the newsboy. By hiring boys to hawk copies on street corners, The Sun was both affordable and readily available. People wouldn’t even have to step into a shop to buy it. Influence of The Sun Day did not have much of a background in journalism, and The Sun had fairly loose journalistic standards. In 1834 it published the notorious â€Å"Moon Hoax,† in which the newspaper claimed scientists had found life on the moon. The story was outrageous and proven to be utterly false. But instead of the ridiculous stunt discrediting The Sun, the reading public found it entertaining. The Sun became even more popular. The success of The Sun encouraged James Gordon Bennett, who had serious journalistic experience, to found The Herald, another newspaper priced at one cent. Bennett was quickly successful and before long he could charge two cents for a single copy of his paper. Subsequent newspapers, including the New York Tribune of Horace Greeley and the New York Times of Henry J. Raymond, also began publication as penny papers. But by the time of the Civil War, the standard price of a New York City newspaper was two cents. By marketing a newspaper to the widest possible public, Benjamin Day inadvertently kicked off a very competitive era in American journalism. As new immigrants came to America, the penny press provided very economical reading material. And the case could be made that by coming up with a scheme to save his failing printing business, Benjamin Day had a lasting impact on American society.

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Desiderata Essential Facts of Life Free Essays

Rashaunta Hunter Mrs. Cannon English IV- 1B 27 August 2009 â€Å"Essential Facts of Life† Written in the 20th century, â€Å"Desiderata† gives many different ways to live a positive life. The message of this poem explains’ how to get through many circumstances. We will write a custom essay sample on Desiderata: Essential Facts of Life or any similar topic only for you Order Now The poem tells you how to become a better person. Once you read this poem, you will learn how to treat others. There are essential facts in this poem that helps you have a more joyful life. Avoiding loud and aggressive persons, comparing yourself with others, and being at peace with God, are statements from the poem â€Å"Desiderata† to encourage you to live a peaceful life. People shouldn’t associate themselves with negativity. If people desire to have more calm and peaceful lives, they should â€Å"avoid loud and aggressive persons they are vexations to the spirit. † I used to associate myself with people who were very loud and aggressive. Eventually I started acting just like them. Once I started hanging out them, I would always be distracted and wouldn’t be focused on the things I really needed to be focused on. I would find myself being frustrated with every little thing and person. My grades were falling and I would always get suspended. When I decided to separate myself from all the negative people, I was more calm and relaxed. I was no longer frustrated. My grades rose back up. I even gained my respect back from my teachers. It is important to appreciate life. People shouldn’t always try to be better than others because â€Å"If you compare yourself with others, you may become vain and bitter. † Trying to compete with others will just make life more difficult. It’s possible to gain enemies by always comparing one’s self to another. When I was singing in the Gospel Company, I was a lead singer. There was a girl in my class who would always try to compete with my for a solo that was already given to me. She would compare her voice to mine. She would snap because I would always be recognized for a performance. She had a very talented voice. She ended up being very rude and bitter towards the class. I tried to talk to her but she would always brush me off. The class separated from her because she became vain and bitter. No matter what people imagine God to be, they shouldn’t have malice in their heart for God. Everyone faces obstacles in life, â€Å"Therefore be at peace with God, whatever you conceive him to be†. When I first my ACL, I was really hurt emotionally. My first doctor told me I couldn’t play basketball anymore. I wasn’t at peace with God because I felt as though he should have stopped this from happening to me. I gave up on all faith, hope, and belief. Coach Williams kept telling me that I shouldn’t blame God. She told me to keep praying. Coach sent me to another doctor. I had an ACL reconstruction. The doctor said I would be playing in six months. Once I found peace with God, everything began to come together for me. I wasn’t stressed or worried. Separating yourself from distractions and frustrations, coming together with each other instead of competing, and being at peace with God are essential facts from the poem â€Å"Desiderata† to give you a better look at life. People shouldn’t let others steal their joy. Everyone should enjoy life and everything it may bring. If everyone would just live, laugh, and love more, they would find themselves being happier. The world would be a more peaceful place if everyone lived by the essential facts of life. To find peace I one’s self, one must have peace with God. Always have faith and believe. The people of this world should come together as one no matter what race, religion, or ethnicity they are. How to cite Desiderata: Essential Facts of Life, Papers

Saturday, May 2, 2020

Global Oil Market

Question: Discuss about the Report on Global Oil Market? Answer: Introduction: The global oil market is considered to be economically matured commodity market. Most of the crude oil is produced by a relatively small number of countries in remote areas, and so the trade in crude oil is vigorous. Oil traders redirect transactions towards markets where the prices increase. Oil is regarded as a global commodity, so the price of the oil is determined by the interaction of the demand and supply of the oil all over the world. The global oil market had been witnessing booms and busts over the years when recently there was a sharp decline in the oil price (Liu, Schultz and Swieringa, 2014). There were many companies that in the past years have earned supernormal profits but now they are forced to decommission rigs and sharply declined their investment level in the exploration and production of oil. From the year 2010, the international benchmark for the Brent crude oil price was around $155 per barrel and stagnated till mid-June 2014. The Brent Crude oil price declined sharply after that. The oil price fell almost more than half the previously oil price (, 2015). This paper deals with the causes and the consequences of the sharp fall in the global oil price. The paper also highlights the case of the major oil importing nation that is the China with respect to the aggregate demand (AD) and aggregate supply (AS) framework. Sharp decline in the global oil price: The key drivers of the decrease in the oil price include the USs oversupply of oil and the strong US Dollar. The negotiation of the nuclear deal between the US and Tehran also increased the oil exports by Iran driving up the global oil price (CNBC, 2015). The oversupply of oil from all sources created a situation of excess supply which suppressed the global oil price. The situation of excess supply is best understood by the demand and supply mechanism (Angelidis, Degiannakis and Filis, 2015). The market for the global oil price was initially oligopolistic but with the increase in the number of oil traders the competition increased making the oil market as a perfectly competitive market structure. The characteristics that the market follows are; there are many number of buyers and sellers, the sellers are price takers, the product sold in this market are homogenous in nature, there are free entry and exit into and out of the market, and the sellers maximize their profits. The demand a nd supply curves for the oil are considered to be relatively inelastic, so the curves are steeper. The inelasticity of the oil demand and supply is because huge changes in the price of the oil bring about little changes in the quantity of oil demanded and supplied. The demand and supply mechanism in the global oil market are attached as Appendix 1. The decline in the global oil price has been categorized into two sections. Both the reasons have caused the oversupply of oil in the global market. This caused the excess supply of oil in the market that drove down the global oil price that is explained by the demand and supply mechanism (Flows, 2014). The diagram of the demand and supply of the oil along with the phenomenon of excess supply are attached in Appendix 2. The reasons for the fall in the global oil price are two-fold. The first reason is contributed to the weak demand for oil from the emerging economies like China. The weak demand by the oil importer China and other countries paved the path for the situation of excess supply of oil which decreased the global oil price. This is explained using the demand and supply mechanism attached in Appendix 3. The second reason for the oil price fall is the refusal by the OPEC to cut down the production of oil. Around 60% of the total oil supply in the world is done by the OPEC, which implies that OPEC has considerable market power (Forbes, 2015). OPEC is the oil cartel which is comprised of 12 member countries and with significant market power; it can increase or decrease the oil price through the changes in the supply of the oil. During a meeting of the OPEC, countries like Venezuela and Iran had offered to lower the production of oil to stabilize and equilibrate the global oil market but it is S audi Arabia who refused to cut down the production so that the oil price remains low. This phenomenon is depicted using the diagram that is attached in appendix 4. The decline in the global oil price has affected almost all the nations of the world. The impact has been felt by both the importers and exporters of oil thus, it can be said that the winners in the current situation of the global oil price are oil importers and the losers are the oil exporters. The decline in the global oil price had benefitted the oil, importers (BBC News, 2015). This is because as the price has decreased, the consumer of the importing countries has to pay less which increased their disposable income. Through the increase in the disposable income, the consumption expenditure will increase. Countries like India (an oil importer) had been positively impacted by the decline in the global oil price and had executed the disinflationary pressure (Gupta and Goyal, 2015). According to a survey commenced by the IMF, it has proved that 30% fall in the oil price there is 0.8% increase in the economic growth of the oil importing countries. On the other hand, the oil exporting countries had been adversely affected by the fall in the oil price as their oil revenue has decreased which hindered their path of development and growth . In this regard, Venezuela had cut down 20% of their public expenditure to overcome the budget deficit. Fall in global oil price: the case of oil importing countries: There are basically three impacts of the decline in the global oil price in the oil importing countries. The first impact is the increase in the disposable income which can increase the consumption expenditure of the consumers of the oil importing countries. This will increase the aggregate demand as consumption expenditure is included in the aggregate demand. The second impact is the decrease in the production cost of the final goods which will thereby increase the profit and thus raise the investment. The third impact is lowering the inflation rate. The fall in the oil price influence the decline in the price of the other commodities which causes a decrease in the real interest rate. The sharp decline in the oil price can be directed towards lowering the energy subsidies by the government of the oil importing countries. Thu, the fall in the oil price raises the aggregate demand curve that is best explained using an example of an importing country (Liu, Schultz and Swieringa, 2014). The case of China and aggregate demand framework: China is regarded as one of the top importers of oil in the world after the United States. The sharp decline in the oil price had positively impacted the Chinese economy. The current account surpluses in China have been due to the decrease in the value of import of oil in dollar amounts. In the year 2015 China imported 6.5 million barrels per day whereas in the year 2014 China imported 6.2 million barrels per day (Beirne et al., 2013). The low oil price had triggered the import of oil that augmented economic growth in the country as attached in Appendix 5 (, 2015). The government in such a scenario can reform the tax structure and the fiscal systems of China. The fall in the oil price has caused the real income of the Chinese consumers to increase (Wu, 2015). The increase in the real income causes the consumption expenditure to increase and thereby increases the aggregate demand (Zhang and Chen, 2014). The changes in the aggregate demand are depicted using the dia gram attached as Appendix 6. The increase in the aggregate demand curve has shifted the AD curve to the right causing the real GDP of China to increase. Conclusion: The global oil market had been subjected to different fluctuations over the years but from mid-June 2014, there was a sharp decline in the global oil price. There are two causes of the decline in the global oil price. The weak demand from emerging economies and the over production by the OPEC member countries are two main reasons behind the situation of excess supply in the oil market that caused a fall in the global oil price. This fall in the global oil price has impacted both the oil importing and the oil exporting countries. In this case, the oil importing countries are the winners as they have to pay less for the same amount of oil purchase and the losers are the oil exporting countries due to the fall in their oil revenue. The paper explains the impact of the decline in the oil price in the China which is one of the largest oil importing countries in the world. The explanations are made with respect to the AD framework where the AD curve of China had increased due to the fall i n oil price and increased the real GDP of China. References Angelidis, T., Degiannakis, S. and Filis, G. (2015). US stock market regimes and oil price shocks. Global Finance Journal. BBC News, (2015). Falling oil prices: Who are the winners and losers? - BBC News. [online] Available at: [Accessed 10 Aug. 2015]. Beirne, J., Beulen, C., Liu, G. and Mirzaei, A. (2013). Global oil prices and the impact of China. China Economic Review, 27, pp.37-51. CNBC, (2015). Oil ends up as Iran exports seen slow to resume. [online] Available at: [Accessed 10 Aug. 2015]. Flows, C. (2014). Why Are Oil Prices Dropping?. [online] Forbes. Available at: [Accessed 10 Aug. 2015]. Forbes, (2015). Oil Prices Will Fall Further But Futures Look Undervalued. [online] Available at: [Accessed 10 Aug. 2015]. Gupta, P. and Goyal, A. (2015). Impact of oil price fluctuations on Indian economy. OPEC Energy Review, 39(2), pp.141-161. Liu, W., Schultz, E. and Swieringa, J. (2014). Price Dynamics in Global Crude Oil Markets. Journal of Futures Markets, 35(2), pp.148-162., (2015). Oil prices fall on oversupply fears. [online] Available at: [Accessed 10 Aug. 2015]., (2015). China GDP Annual Growth Rate | 1989-2015 | Data | Chart | Calendar. [online] Available at: [Accessed 10 Aug. 2015]. Wu, K. (2015). The Impact of Low Oil Prices on China. [online] Available at: [Accessed 10 Aug. 2015]. Zhang, C. and Chen, X. (2014). The impact of global oil price shocks on Chinas bulk commodity markets and fundamental industries. Energy Policy, 66, pp.32-41.

Monday, March 23, 2020

Hemingway Protagonist - Soldiers Home Essays - Krebs,

Hemingway Protagonist - Soldier's Home Various authors, through years of discipline, develop their own style in creating characters. Ernest Hemingway varied his style by establishing an indestructible template for pressing characters into molded protagonists. This "template" protagonist follows a unique set of standards unlike any other character, produced by any other author. In his literary work "Soldier's Home", Hemingway creates the character Krebs to abide by this set of standards. By working within the circumstances presented to him, Krebs fits the mold of a typical Hemingway protagonist by overcoming his disillusions through heroic actions. To begin with, Krebs returns home from World War I to a society that he no longer feels attached to. It can be assumed that before the war Krebs worked within society since he is depicted in a college photo along with his similarly-dressed fraternity brothers. When he enlists into the Marines though, life becomes simplistic; you eat, sleep, and fight. The problem arises when Krebs tries to return from a simplistic lifestyle of war, to a much more complicated domestic lifestyle. "Ironically, Krebs is disillusioned less by the war than by the normal peacetime world which the war had made him to see too clearly to accept" (Burhans 190). Krebs seeks refuge from this disillusion by withdrawing from society and engaging himself in individual activities. A typical day for Krebs consists of going to the library for a book, which he would read until bored, practicing his clarinet, and shooting pool in the middle of the day; this is common for a Hemingway protagonist. Hemingway realizes "that with the disappearance of the transcendent and the absolute from man's consciousness, the universe becomes empty of meaning and purpose..." (Burhans 284); a good basis for testing a protagonist to see whether or not he's heroic . A more specific way that Krebs withdraws from society is his view of women and love. In a society full of talk, Krebs would have to engage in conversation and interaction in order to win a woman's heart. Krebs did not want to go through all of that again. He found it much easier during the war to become intimate with a French or German girl, especially considering that there wasn't as much "red tape" in European relationships. It was just too complicated to adjust himself back to an American relationship which he deemed full of consequences. In other works by Hemingway, protagonists are "haunted by a sense of how simple it all was once, when he could take his Indian girl into the clean-smelling woods, stretch out beside her on the pine-needles (her brother standing guard), and rise to no obligations at all" (Fiedler 143). Krebs is much the same way. He experienced this obligation-free relationship in Europe and was disgusted by the thought of returning to an obligated relationship in America. Hemingway himself learned of obligations from four separate marriages; why should any of his fictional characters escape this dreaded wrath. Another way that Krebs withdraws from society is the loss of his faith. Before the war Krebs attended a Methodist college, which reinforces the idea that he was a man of faith. During the war though, Krebs experiences a change in his beliefs. It can only be imagined what unholy things he had seen and done in the midst of battle. Once home, he denounces existing in God's Kingdom to his mother and refuses to pray. Hemingway felt that it is this "determination to be faithful to one's own experience, not to fake emotions or pretend to sentiments that are not there" is brought out in Krebs' character (Howe 233). It is this tone, the importance of one's inner beliefs over anyone else's, which pushes Hemingway's protagonist away from society. So how does one become heroic after denouncing so much of society? If alive today, Hemingway's answer may very well be "grace under pressure." Customary in Hemingway's literary works, such as Santiago in The Old Man and the Sea, the protagonist is always fighting a losing battle. Philip Young, a well-known critic of Hemingway, says it best when he states that in life "you lose, of course; what counts is how you conduct yourself while you are being destroyed" (Young 274). A Hemingway hero would take notice of his ill fate and make the best of it. The motive behind Hemingway's heroic figures is not glory, or fortune, or the righting of injustice, or the thirst for experience. They are inspired neither by vanity nor ambition nor a desire to better the world. They have no thoughts of reaching

Friday, March 6, 2020

Same Sex Marriages Impact on the Children Social Growth

Same Sex Marriages Impact on the Children Social Growth Introduction Same sex marriages have been described as many things; an affront to God, an inherent right by all individuals, a desecration of the sanctity of marriage as well as an expression of love between two people of the same sex. Advertising We will write a custom research paper sample on Same Sex Marriages Impact on the Children Social Growth specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More There are numerous argument both for and against it with some citing its possible impact on adopted children, the degradation of society as a result of same sex couples, its affect on religious tolerance and the possible ramifications of social harassment due to many believing that the act itself is against the very principles of nature and evolution. What must be understood is that the concept of same sex marriages is relatively new to society with people still adjusting to the widespread proliferation of homosexuals Same sex marriage can be considered a d ramatic leap in legitimizing what most consider an abnormal form of behavior yet it must be questioned whether such a practice should actually be condoned. From a religious standpoint gay couples marrying each other is undeniably an affront to God and violates church doctrines which are literally thousands of years old. From a social standpoint same sex marriages create undue social tension which may or may not result in violent repercussions for individuals belonging to the homosexual community. It must also be noted that members of the homosexual community are often thought of as carriers for various forms of sexually transmitted diseases and as such same sex marriages are thus connected to legitimizing a behavior that promotes the spread of STDs. Furthermore, from a community standpoint same sex couples are often thought of as bad influences for their children due to a certain degree of homophobia wherein they believe that exposure to homosexuals may place their own children at risk for sexually deviant behavior. It is based on these various opinions that this paper will explore the various issues related to same sex marriage and will attempt to determine whether this particular type of behavior can be considered either positive or negative. Impact on Adopted Children One of the current prevailing arguments against same sex marriage is the notion that since same sex couples normally adopt children in order to start a family then children adopted by such couples are at risk in developing the same sexual orientation as their parents (SOLODNIKOV and CHKANIKOVA, 38 59). The logic behind this particular idea stems from the belief that since children develop their behaviors, personalities and sexual characteristics based on what they observe from their parents then it is likely that children adopted by same sex couples will become gay themselves. It is based on this that it argued children should be free to choose their own sexual characteristics and not be ne gatively influenced by those that adopt them. Advertising Looking for research paper on social sciences? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More In fact it is due to this particular line of reasoning that during the late 1990s it was noted that adoption procedures for gay couples was often harder, more restrictive and met with a greater degree of denied adoption due such institutions fearing for what might happen to the children adopted by such couples (SOLODNIKOV and CHKANIKOVA, 38 59). Studies such as those by Solodnikov and Chkanikova (2010) refute this claim stating that based on data reviewing the sexual orientation of children of various gay couples over a period of several years it was seen that such children grew up to be relatively healthy heterosexuals with no negative behaviors (SOLODNIKOV and CHKANIKOVA, 38 59). In fact other studies back up this claim and as such it can be seen that the assumption that gay pa rents will create gay children is definitely false. On the other hand it cannot be stated that there are no negative consequences for the children of gay couples. A study by Joslin (2011) revealed that children of gay couples often have to deal with the social stigma of having gay parents due to the fact that it is still not a widely accepted norm for a child to have same sex parents. Negative consequences of such a stigma can range from being classified as being gay, insults, bullying, social isolation and other forms negative social consequences (Joslin, 81 101). It was noted by Rogers and Fossey (2011) that while such problems are relatively minor early on due to a childs innocence and the fact that the social stigma is not immediately apparent the fact remains that as the child grows older they become more aware of the difference in their familiar situation with that of other families and this, combined with the negative social consequences of having gay parents, at times resu lts in childhood depression and the development of personality traits related to being a loner, becoming anti-social or other similar behavioral characteristics which distance a child from becoming sociable (Rogers and Fossey, 423). Sexually Transmitted Diseases and Same Sex Marriages One of the negative connotations attached to homosexual behavior as well as same sex marriages has been its connection to the supposed spread of sexually transmitted diseases among members of the gay population. It is actually a commonly held belief that members of the gay community actually participate in various forms of deviant sexual behavior in which a single individual has multiple partners and practices bizarre sexual practices which as a result supposedly facilitates the spread of sexually transmitted diseases such as HIV and AIDS. Advertising We will write a custom research paper sample on Same Sex Marriages Impact on the Children Social Growth specifically for you for only $16.05 $ 11/page Learn More While it may be true that same sex partners practice sexual activities that are outside the norm of what most people would consider traditional methods of sexual relations the fact remains that there has been no conclusive evidence which specifically indicates that STDs (sexually transmitted diseases) are more prevalent among the LGBT (lesbian, gay, bi-sexual, transsexual) community as compared to the normal heterosexual population. In fact studies such as those by Brody and Weiss (2011) clearly point out that the level of sexually transmitted disease between the two groups is actually the same and that the misconceptions regarding homosexuals having multiple sexual partners is no different than an ordinary heterosexual also having multiple sexual partners (Brody and Weiss, 298 300). Furthermore it was noted by studies such as those by Grulich et al. (2009) that being a homosexual does not immediately make a person more vulnerable to catching STD s, in fact it was even noted that members of the gay community often practiced safer methods of sexual activity as compared to members of the heterosexual community (Grulich, et al, 1813 1817). Thus, when taking into consideration the growing number of same sex marriages it cannot be immediately assumed that such activities will lead to the spread of STDs since it has been proven so far that the risk is just the same between straight and gay couples. Religion When examining arguments directly against same sex marriages it is often the case that religious dogma comes up as one of the main proponents against the continued practice of same sex marriages. From Christianity to Islam same sex marriages are considered an affront to what many consider the natural order of things with religious texts specifically prohibiting the union of two people from the same sex. What must be understood is that from a social standpoint the arguments of various religions against same sex marriage do ma ke sense since social stability hinges on maintaining social institutions of which heterosexual relationships are a cornerstone. Furthermore, if one were to take into account the concept of what can be consider a moral relationship then from this standpoint same sex marriages can be considered immoral since they go against what many consider as a moral and responsible union of two individuals (Whitehead, 63 79).Advertising Looking for research paper on social sciences? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More In fact religious text specifically state that all unions must be between a man and a woman with those engaging in homosexual relationships often considered an aberration of set standards and as such deserve to be stoned or outright killed (Whitehead, 63 79). In fact when examining various aspect of Christian theology it is often seen that homosexual relationships are considered an affront to God and as such tolerance for homosexuality has always been a contentious issue in the Catholic Church. While it may be true that Christianity espouses a doctrine of tolerance and love for ones fellow man the fact remains that to this day it considers homosexuality as being perverse, immoral and nothing more than individuals giving into their baser desires (Whitehead, 63 79). The result of the Churchs view on the subject of homosexuality has actually affected members of its own congregation resulting in various Christian communities often socially ostracizing or persecuting people who have been identified as being homosexual. The reason why the Catholic Church and other religions have this particular stance is actually connected to institutional theory which specifically states that individuals tend to prefer to adhere to traditional institutions and ideas despite the presence of newer and more improved systems since it is in their belief that age equals stability. In the case of religious beliefs it is the age of the doctrine which specifically condemns homosexuality that gives it a degree of credibility in the eyes of the Catholic Church and its followers and as such explains why to this day the stance of the church continues to be against same sex marriages. Culture From a cultural perspective, while same sex marriages are increasing in various areas within the U.S. as well as in several countries around the world the fact remains that though it is tolerated due to arguments presenting marriage as an inherent right, whether people are gay or straight, the fact rem ains that it is still not universally acceptable across all cultures. For example, in the Middle East same sex marriages are expressly banned and the homosexual culture is thought of as bizarre, strange and an affront to God which results in it being ruthlessly suppressed (Dunne, 55). In fact in a lot of cultures homosexual behavior is frowned upon and those who come out of the closet are times shunned by their family and friends. This is not to say that homosexuals are bad people, in fact some of them are actually quite nice, rather what must be understood is that their choice of lifestyle is considered by many to be abnormal and an intentional lifestyle choice. When examining the homosexual culture it is often said that a person does not choose to be a homosexual rather they are born that way and thus, in their eyes, homosexuality is a perfectly normal behavior. This is a rather interesting viewpoint to consider since homosexuality and heterosexuality are usually thought of as behaviors which develop as a result of both environmental and psychological influences (Jeffs, 66 71). As such becoming gay or straight is dependent on the way a person develops and is not based on a person being born gay. Rather, based on social control theory which states that people often develop abnormal personality patterns based on a lack of social bonds which prevent such behaviors from manifesting it can be said that homosexuality is merely the result of abnormal development during an individuals development stage wherein a certain lack of social bonds whether in the form of father figures, mother figures, friends or other constraining factors are usually not present resulting in the development of tendencies related to abnormal behavior which manifests itself as homosexuality (Jeffs, 66 71). Based on this it can be assumed that homosexuality is not a direct result of a person being born that way rather it is merely the manifestation of abnormal patterns of behavioral de velopment during a persons formative years of development. Conclusion Based on the presented data this paper concludes that not only does same sex marriage have the potential adversely impact the social growth of children due to the stigma of having gay parents but it must also be noted that due to effects of religious doctrine, negative social responses and the fact that the behavior itself is thought of as morally wrong this research paper disagrees with the concept of same sex marriage and it should be stopped in the mean time. As this paper has shown the concept of same sex marriage is still thought of as being an affront to religious, social and natural laws and as such at the present it merely invites greater degrees of negative and even possibly violent responses. While it may be true that from a human rights standpoint there is nothing wrong with it the fact remains that society still isnt quite ready to openly accept it and thus it should not be implemented until such a ti me that homosexuality is either totally removed or universally accepted. Andrew E. Grulich, et al. Circumcision and Risk of Sexually Transmissible Infections in a Community-Based Cohort of HIV-Negative Homosexual Men in Sydney, Australia. Journal of Infectious Diseases 200.12 (2009): 1813-1819. Academic Search Premier. EBSCO. Web. Brody, Stuart, and Petr Weiss. Heterosexual Anal Intercourse: Increasing Prevalence, and Association with Sexual Dysfunction, Bisexual Behavior, and Venereal Disease History. Journal of Sex Marital Therapy 37.4 (2011): 298-306. Academic Search Premier. EBSCO. Web. Dunne, Bruce W. Homosexuality in the Middle East: An agenda for historical.. Arab Studies Quarterly 12.3/4 (1990): 55. Literary Reference Center. EBSCO. Web. Jeffs, William Patrick. CHAPTER FOUR: THE TURN OF THE CENTURY: FREUD, PSYCHOANALYSIS AND HOMOSEXUALITY. Feminism, Manhood Homosexuality: Intersections in Psychoanalysis American Poetry. 66-71. Peter Lang Publishing, Inc., 2003. Literary Reference Center. EBSCO. Web. Joslin, Courtney G. Searching for Harm: Same-Sex Marriage and the Well-Being of Children. Harvard Civil Rights-Civil Liberties Law Review 46.1 (2011): 81-101. International Security Counter Terrorism Reference Center. EBSCO. Web. Rogers, Kevin, and Richard Fossey. SAME-SEX MARRIAGE AND THE PUBLIC SCHOOL CURRICULUM: CAN PARENTS OPT THEIR CHILDREN OUT OF CURRICULAR DISCUSSIONS ABOUT SEXUAL ORIENTATION AND SAME- SEX MARRIAGE?. Brigham Young University Education Law Journal 2 (2011): 423. MasterFILE Premier. EBSCO. Web. SOLODNIKOV, V. V., and A. M. CHKANIKOVA. Children in Same-Sex Marriages. Russian Social Science Review 51.3 (2010): 38-59. Academic Search Premier. EBSCO. Web. Whitehead, Andrew L. Sacred Rites and Civil Rights: Religions Effect on Attitudes Toward Same-Sex Unions and the Perceived Cause of Homosexuality. Social Science Quarterly (Blackwell Publishing Limited) 91.1 (2010): 63-79. Academic Search Premier. EBSCO. Web.

Tuesday, February 18, 2020

The AISD Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words

The AISD - Essay Example It has been viewed that most of the districts in AISD perform their board meetings which are recorded and are available to the citizens through their website (Arlington ISD, 2012). This particular paper will deal with the discussion of the subject matter of introduction of libraries in different schools especially in Texas according to the different board meetings that AISD publishes in their website. Moreover, the implications of the discussion topic i.e. the introduction of libraries in various schools located at Texas synthesizing with the article published by Norman D. Kerr along with the text book i.e. â€Å"The Educator’s Guide To Texas School Law† will be portrayed in the discussion. Implications of the Discussion Topic The board meeting about the introduction of libraries in different schools had a positive implication upon the community of Arlington. While discussing the topic in the board meeting, Cary Siegfried who is the Director of the Department of Librari es belonging to Arlington City emphasized upon the topic of the Library Link program which was established in the year 2007.